定语从句教案

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定语从句教案

更新时间:2019-01-28 19:51 手机版

定语从句教案

  定语从句教案(一):

  一、教学目标

  (1)语言目标:能用定语从句较自如地描述及谈论人和物。在运动中训练学生的听力,口头表达潜力,培养学生的视察,想象和缔造力。

  (2)情感目标:促进同学间用心相助交流,生长同学间的友谊 。

  2.教学要领 :多媒体的运用能创设真实的语言情景,学生也很感兴趣,极大地鼓舞了学生学习英语的用心性,而且呈现在课堂上能使教学重生活化,也更直观和具体。

  二、设计配景[由www.duanmeiwen.com整理]

  1. 开端掌握及运用定语从句,如让学生用定语从句来完成对人物喜欢的人物进行描述,如I like music that I can dance to。 She is the only one who’s studying French。等。

  2.本课的学习任务就是能开端掌握及运用定语从句,为了使学生顺利地完成教学任务,教师以学生为主体,为学生设计了几个以他们的认知水平出发的贴合生活实际的他们感兴趣的一环扣一环的子任务,每个子任务紧紧围绕总任务展开,再深入,在一个一个完成任务的运动中培养学生的潜力。

  三、学法指导、自主学习、相助学习

  四、教学要领

  以学生为主体,用多媒体辅助教学,透过资助学生理解、归纳、总结、讨论等方式学习定语从句,由于本节课是学生第一次系统学习定语从句,要到达让学生开端掌握定语从句这一目的。

  五、教学历程

  第一环节: 视察以下例句:

  1。The red pen is broken。

  2。The pen on the desk is broken。

  3。The pen that I bought yesterday is broken。

  导入:透过对定语的理解,导入定语、定语从句的看法,定语:用来修饰名词或代词的词、短语或句子,当修饰词是一个句子时被称为定语从句。通常置于它所修饰的词之后,这种被修饰的词叫做先行词,引导定语从句的关联词为关系代词和关系副词,关系代词在定语从句中可用作主语、宾语、定语等,关系副词在定语从句中只用作状语。

  例句分析:

  I like to have friends who are like me。

  I like to have friends who are different from me。

  He is the only one who is studying French。

  Be careful of the person who doesn’t speak and the dog that doesn’t bark。

  You can’t wake up a person who pretends to sleep。

  He who can’t get to the Great Wall is not a true man。

  I like musicians who play different kinds of music。

  Another that he found very difficult is grammar。

  The other day, my friends and I talked about the rules that we have in school。

  Being a professional athlete is the only thing that I have ever wanted to do。

  I like music that I can sing along with。

  I like music that has great lyrics。

  I like music that I can dance to。

  得出结论1)当先行词是物时

  a。 关系代词取代先行词在定语从句中作主语时,用whichthat引导,且不能省略。b。 关系代词取代先行词在定语从句中作宾语时,用whichthat引导,且能够省略。

  2)当先行词是人时

  a。 关系代词取代先行词在定语从句中作主语时,用whothat引导,且不能省略。b。 关系代词取代先行词在定语从句中作主语时,用whothatwhom引导,且能够省略。

  第二环节:在学生对定语从句有了开端的了解后,创设情境,学以致用,让学生分组运动,凭据多媒体泛起的情境,有缔造性地造句:

  This is a singer whothat …

  who is a boy。

  who is very shy。

  who writes his own songs。

  who has a song calledQinghuaci。

  Who I like best。

  It’s an animal thatwhich is very strong。

  It’s an animal thatwhich has long nose and big ears。

  It’s an animal thatwhich I like very much。

  第三环节:在学生对一般的纪律都掌握好以后,把学生的易错点和定语从句的考点呈现在屏幕上,让学生仔细视察并作出总结,该环节设计得很好,很好地训练了学生的视察潜力和主动探究的潜力,效果较好。

  仔细视察:你会发现什么?

  1) I prefershoesthat are cool。

  2) I likea pizzathat is really delicious。

  3) I lovesingerswho are beautiful。

  4) I havea friendwho plays sports。

  学生视察后得出的结论为:

  whothat在定语从句中做主语时,谓语动词的单复数应与先行词连续一致。

  第四环节:小节本堂课的资料

  什么是定语?

  什么是定语从句?

  定语从句的结构是什么?

  关系词有几重作用?

  此环节让学生对所学的知识加以升华,并在大脑里组成知识框架,把知识系统化。

  第五五环节:牢固练习---以检查学生是否真正掌握本堂课的知识,实践证明,学生掌握得很好。

  第六环节:相助探究

  留给学生的问题

  1。如果先行词既有人又有物,用什么关系词?

  2。如果先行词是时光,用什么关系词?

  3。如果先行词是所在,用什么关系词?

  4。关系词whose怎样用?

  透过此环节给学生留下思维拓展的空间,也为以后的学习做好铺垫,体现学习的延续性。

  课堂小结:透过例子让学生总结定语从句的纪律和特点,同时总结纷歧样关系词的用法。在这节课中,学生对定语从句这一语法项目有了纷歧样水平的牢固和深化。

  六、课后反思:

  提倡任务型教学运动,是为了让学生们在教师的指导下,透过感知,体验,实践,加入所作等方式,力求最大限度地把语言潜力的培养落实到教学历程的每一个环节,逐步实现预定的任务目标并感受乐成。我在这堂课的设计里要求自我新颖别致,突出故事的完整性,要有一气呵成的感受,重点落实,定语从句自始至终贯串每个环节,活而不乱,生动搞笑,贴近生活,气氛活跃。能发挥学生们的主体互动性和能动性,在完成任务的历程中能用心加入。课后感受任务型教学有所体现,学生们用心性高,到局面广,训练量较大,能开端运用定语从句。

  但在教学历程中,我意识到:有个体学生基础太差,虽在课堂中他们也用心加入,但有时很盲目,甚至不明白老师和同学们在进行什么资料,从他们的目光和神态中,我了解到他们对知识的渴求,我暗自告诉自我,必须要资助他们,这很难,但必须要坚持,决不放下。

  定语从句教案(二):

  Ⅰ。 界说

  定语从句,起形容词的作用,在句中常用来修饰名词或代词。被修饰的词称为先行词,引导定语从句的词称为关系词, 关系词的作用一是放在先行词与定语从句中间起引导作用;二是在利益上取代先行词,并在从句中充当一个身分。其中关系代词:who, whom, whose, which, that, as;关系副词:when, where, why。

  eg。 She is the girl who sings best of all。

  The pen which my uncle gave me is missing。

  He lives in a house whose windows face south。

  The factory where my father works is in the east of the city。

  Perhaps the day will e when people will be able to breathe clean air in cities。

  Ⅱ。 关系代词

  1。 先行词是人,作主语,关系代词用who, that

  eg。 He is a mannever leaves today’s work till tomorrow。

  The boy is standing there is my cousin。

  2。 先行词是人,作宾语,关系代词用 whom, who, that,

  eg。 Here is the man you’ve been expecting to meet。

  The man you met yesterday is Mr。 Smith。

  3。 先行词是物,作主语,关系代词用which, that

  eg 。 The train has just left is for Guangzhou。

  Children like to read books have wonderful pictures。

  4。 先行词是物,作宾语,关系代词用which, that,或省略

  eg。 The book you borrowed yesterday is really interesting。

  The pen my uncle gave me is missing。

  5。 先行词是人、物,作定语,关系代词用whose

  eg。 He is the professor name was Jackson。

  China, population is the largest in the world, is developing very fast。

  Ⅲ。 关系副词

  1。 先行词是体现时光的名词,在定从中作时光状语,关系代词用when

  eg。 I can’t remember the date he went abroad。

  I’ll never forget the day I joined the army。

  2。 先行词是体现所在的名词,在定从中作所在状语,关系代词用where; 其中注意体现抽象看法的所在名词,如,situation、stage、degree、point等体现方面或水平时,也需用where

  eg。 This is the village Uncle Wang once lived。

  They have reached the point they have to separate with each other。

  He’s got himself into a dangerous situation he is likely to lose control over the plane。

  3。 先行词是reason,在定从中作原因状语,关系代词用why

  eg。 I don’t know the reason he was late。

  None of us know the reason Tom was absent from the meeting。

  4。引导定语从句的关系副词也能够用“适当介词 + which”来取代。

  eg。 October 1, 1949 was the day when = the People’s Republic of China was founded。

  This is the factory where(= we worked a year ago。

  I don’t believe the reason why (= he was late for school。

  Ⅳ。 关系代词that & which的区别:

  ⒈ 只用that的状况

  ① 先行词为all, everything, anything, nothing, little, much等不定代词时。

  eg。 There is nothing can prevent him from doing it。

  ② 先行词被any, only, few, no, very, little 等修饰时。

  eg。 This is the very book I’m looking for。

  ③ 先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时。

  eg。 The first place they visited in Guilin was Elephant Trunk Hill。

  This is the best film I have ever seen。

  ④ 先行词既有人又有物时。

  eg。 He talked about things and persons they remembered in the school。

  ⑤ 先行词被the only, the very修饰时。

  eg。 Mr。 Smith is the only foreigner he knows。

  ⑥ 句中已有who或which,为了制止重复时。

  eg。 Who is the man is standing beside Tom?

  ⒉ 不能用 that的状况:

  ① 引导非限制性定语从句;

  eg。 He had failed in the maths exam , made his father very angry。

  ② 介词 + 关系代词。

  eg。 This is the room inmy father lived last year。

  Ⅴ。 as引导定语从句时的用法(as 相当于that & which)

  ① as引导限制性定语从句通常用于the same … as, such … as结构中。

  eg。 This is the same book I lent you。

  Such machines are used in our workshop are made in China。

  ② as引导非限制性定语从句既可放在主句之前,也可放在主句之后,位置灵活,用来修饰整个句子。通常用下列句型:as is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all know, as I expect 等。

  eg。 I expected, he got the first place again in this mid-term examination。

  Taiwan, we all know, belongs to China。

  Ⅵ。 限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句的主要区别:

  限制性定语从句: 一般紧跟在先行词后面,不用逗号把从句与先行词离开开来。使先行词的意思十明白确,成为特定的人或物,是句子中不行缺少的身分,少了它句子就会失去利益不能建设,或意思不清楚,不能说明问题。通常译为定语。

  非限制性定语从句: 通常由逗号与句子其他身离开开。只是对先行词作进一步的说明,没有它句子仍能建设,意思仍很清楚。通常译为并列的句子。

  eg。 I was the only person in our office was invited。(去掉定语从句,意思就不完整)

  Tom’s father, is over sixty, still works hard day and night。(整个句子可分成两句来翻译)

  Ⅶ。 离开定语从句

  即先行词与关系代词、副词之间被介词短语,同位语,谓语平离开开来。

  此种定语从句,在选取关系词时,要注意找准先行词。

  eg。 There is an expression in his eyes (I can’t understand。

  I was the only person in my office was invited to the important ball。

  I suggest you choose someone I think is very kind and friendly。

  选取填空:

  1。 It was April 29,2011  Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony。

  A。 that B。 when C。 since D。 before

  2。)Gutter oil is illegally recycled cooking oil, contains chemicals that are harmful to the human body and can even cause cancer。

  A。 it B。 which C。 where D。 that

  3。 Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, the audience can buy ice-cream。

  A。 when B。 where C。 that D。 which

  4。 The old town has narrow streets and small houses  are built close to each other。

  A。 they B。 where C。 what D。 that

  5。 Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator, it will keep for two or three weeks。

  A。 when B。 which C。 where D。 while

  6。 English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of  ------- uses it somewhat differently。

  A。 which B。 what C。 them D。 those

  7。 A bank is the place  they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain。

  A。 when B。 that C。 where D。 there

  8。 She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students  ------ allows them to municate freely with each other。

  A。 which B。 where C。 what D。 who

  9 Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, ------ is a stupid thing to do in such weather。

  A。 this B。 that C。 what D。 which

  10。 She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction ------ had taken more than three years。

  A。 for which B。 with which C。 of which D。 to which

  11。 After graduating from high school, you will reach a point in your life  ------- you need to decide what to do。

  A。 that B。 what C。 which D。 where

  12。He was so pleased with all  we had done for him  he wrote us a letter to praise for it。

  A。 what; what B。 what; that C。 that; what D。 that; that

  13。The moon travels round the earth once every month, is known to everybody。

  A。 it B。 as C。 that D。 what

  14。 is often the case with elder people, my grandma, talked about my new hairstyle for at least 50 minutes nonstop。

  A。 That B。 Which C。 As D。 It

  15。The school shop, customers are mainly students, is closed for the holidays。

  A。 which B。 whose C。 when D。 where

  16。The novel was pleted in 1978, the economic system has seen great changes。

  A。 when B。 during which C。 since then D。 since when

  17。Books bring us into the presence of the greatest minds  have ever lived。

  A。 which B。 who C。不填 D。 that

  18。The world  is made up of matter。

  A。 in that we live B。 on which we live

  C。 where we live in D。 we live in

  19。I’ve bee good friends with several of the students in my school  ------- I met in the English speech contest last year。

  A。 who B。 where C。 when D。 which

  20。Is this the reason  at the meeting for his carelessness in his work?

  A。 he explained B。 what he explained

  C。 how he explained D。 why he explained

  21。He was very angry and I can still remember the way  he spoke to me。

  A。 how B。 that C。 what D。 which

  22。That’s the new machine  parts are too small to be seen。

  A。 that B。 which C。 whose D。 what

  23。David is such a good boy  all the teachers like。

  A。 that B。 who C。 as D。 whom

  定语从句教案(三):

  教学历程

  一、课堂导入

  教师读句子,让学生听并复述

  1。 she is the girl who has blue eyes。

  2。 I love this English teacher whose eyes are blue。

  3。 A telephone is an invention which can help people talk to friends, share photos, ideas and feeling freely。

  4。 I like this person that has 3 story books

  5。 This is the office where he worked。

  6。 I don’t know the reason why he came so late。

  二、温习预习

  教师引导学生温习上节课所学的反意疑问句,包罗反意疑问句的形式,祈使句的反意疑问句,there be句型的反意疑问句等, (以提问、回首的形式进行),针对上节课的作业进行讲评、订正、答疑,并透过对反意疑问句具体用法的分析和扩展导入本节课所要学习的定语从句。

  三、知识解说

  知识点1:定语从句的看法和先行词

  1。 【考查点】在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。(而在一个句子中充当整个句子的宾语的句子叫做宾语从句)

  如:I love this English teacher whose eyes are blue。 (定语从句)

  我爱眼睛是蓝色的这位英语老师

  I don’t know (宾语从句)

  我不明白你怎样才气到达那个公园。

  2。 【考查点】被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。

  如:A friend is someone who says, "What! You too? I thought I was the only one!”

  A Wechat (微信) is an invention which can help people talk to friends, share photos, ideas and feeling freely。

  知识点2:定语的关系词~关系代词

  1。【考查点】既能指物也能指人的关系代词 that,whose。

  如: ① I like this person that has 3 story books。 (先行词是人person)

  ②先行词是物book)

  ①(先行词是teacher)

  ②先行词是dog)

  2、【考查点】只能用来指代人的关系词who, whom。

  如:Is he the man who wants to see you?

  He is the man whom that I saw yesterday。

  3、【考查点】只能指代物的关系词which。

  如:A prosperity which had never been seen before appears in the countryside。

  4、【考查点】关系词在句子中充当的身分。

  如:1、(whothat在从句中作主语)

  他就是你想见的人吗?

  2、他就是我昨日见的那小我私家。(whomthat在从句中作宾语)

  3、作宾语) which  that在句中(

  农村泛起了前所未有的繁荣。

  4、((只用作定语)

  那人车坏了,各人都跑已往资助。

  (注:当上题先行词指物时它还能够同of which交流)

  如:Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green。

  请递给我那本绿皮的书

  知识点3:关系副词引导的定语从句

  关系副词when, where, why可取代的先行词是时光、所在或理由的名词,在从句中作状语。

  【考查点】关系副词when, where, why的寄义相当于"介词+ which"结构,因此经常和"介词+ which"结构交替使用。

  如: There are occasions when (on which) one must yield。

  任何人都有不得不屈服的时候。

  Beijing is the place where (in which) I was born。

  北京是我的出生地。

  Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer?

  这就是他拒绝我们资助他的理由吗?

  知识点4:关系词的选取取决于从句中的谓语动词

  1。【考查点】 用关系代词,照旧关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面无宾语,就务须要求用关系代词;而不及物动词则要求用关系副词。

  如: This is the mountain village where I stayed last year。

  四、例题精析

  【例题1】

  【题干】Nearly all the streets are in straight lines, ________ from east to west。 Those ________ run from north to south are called avenues。

  A。 running; that B。 run; who C。 running; who D。 run; that

  【答案】A

  【解析】: 主语与run(延伸)是主动关系,所以用现在分词。Those指街道,所以不用

  来引导定语从句。 who而用that

  【题干】Is this research center ________ you visited the modern equipment last year?

  A。 where B。 that C。 the one that D。 the one where

  【答案】:D

  【解析】:将疑问句改为陈述句:this research center is…显然缺少先行词,务必加上代词the one来作先行词,又因定语从句不缺主语或宾语,所以用关系副词where。倘使在this后加the,就选where,请想想这是为什么。

  【题 干】

  The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point ________ he can walk correctly and safely。

  A。 when B。 where C。 which D。 whose

  【答案】:B

  【解析】 因为体现“阶段、水平、田地”的the point在定语从句中作所在状语,所以用

  语从句。 where引导定

  【题干】

  —How did you get in touch with the travel agent, Robin?

  —Oh, that’s easy。 I surfed the Internet and then called one ________ the telephone number is provided

  A。 which B。 in which C。 of which D。 whose

  【答案】:C 【解析】:因为of which引导定语从句,并在从句中作定语。of which the telephone number = whose telephone number。

  五、课堂运用

  【基础】

  1。Do you know the man _______?

  A。 whom I spoke B。 to who spoke C。 I spoke to D。 that I spoke

  【答案】C。

  【解析】"和谁讲话”要说speak to sb。 本题全句应为Do you know the man whom I spoke to。。whom是关系代词,作介词to的宾语,能够省略。

  2。The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace。

  A。 Which B。 where

  【答案】A

  【解析】:which用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。C。 what D。 in which

  3。This is the hotel _______last month。

  A。 which they stayed B。 at that they stayed

  C。 where they stayed at D。 where they stayed

  【答案】

  【解析】是关系副词,体现所在,在定语从句中作所在状语。 D。 where

  4。Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?

  A。 which B。 that C。 when D。 on which

  【答案】。 C。

  【解析】

  是关系副词,体现时光,在定语从句中作时光状语。 when

  【牢固】

  5。This is one of the best films _______。

  A。 that have been shown this year B。 that have shown

  C。 that has been shown this year D。 that you talked

  【答案】A。

  【解析】本句话的先行词就应是films,因此,关系代词that是负数看法,其谓语动词应用复述的被动语态have been shown。如果句中的one前面使用了定冠词the,则the one就应视为先行词。

  6。The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here。

  A。 where B。 to which C。 which D。 in which

  【答案】C。

  【解析】which是关系代词,在从句中作visit的宾语。其他几个答案都不能作宾语。

  7。Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working。

  A。 where B。 that C。 which D。 there

  【答案】 A。

  【解析】where是关系副词,体现所在,在定语从句中作所在状语。

  【拔高】

  8。That is the day ______I'll never forget。

  A。 which B。 on which C。 in which D。 when

  【答案】A。

  【解析】 which是关系代词,在从句中作forget的宾语。其他几个答案都不能作宾语。

  9。Can you lend me the book ______the other day?

  A。 about which you talked B。 which you talked

  C。 about that you talked D。 that you talked

  【答案】A。

  【解析】“谈到某事物”应说talk about sth。。about是介词,其后要用which作宾语,不能用that。

  10。The pen ______he is writing is mine。

  A。 with which B。 in which C。 on which D。 by which

  【答案】 A。

  【解析】with which是"介词+关系代词"结构,常用来引导定语从句。with有"用"的意思,介词之后只能用which,不能用that。 with which在定语从句中作状语,即he is writing with a pen。

  课程小结

  本节课主要围绕定语从句的常考点展开,即:定语从句的看法,定语从句的关系词,定语从句的先行词等。需要重点掌握的是定语从句的先行词和定语从句的关系词。此外,在初中阶段也会经常接触到定语从句关系代词和关系副词的选取,因此,这个考点也需要重点掌握。

  近年中考对语法点的考查往往是与语境想结合,因此,同学在做题时要结合语境来分析题目,灵活地运用语法知识。

  定语从句教案(四):

  教学目标:

  1。学生能正确理解整个句子的意思

  2。学生能掌握关系代词和关系副词的正确使用。

  教学重难点:

  定语从句中引导词(who, whose,whom, that , which,when,where, why)的正确使用

  教学历程:

  例子导入:

  The girl is my sister。

  is my sister。

  先行词定语从句

  一、界说:在复合句中,用来修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定语从句修饰的名词、代词叫先

  行词。定语从句放在先行词之后。

  先行词(物) ?K引导词(that指代the music)

  She is a 先行词(人)?K引导词(who指代a girl)

  二、引导词who, whom, whose,that , which(表人、表物,作主语,宾语)

  关系副词:when,where, why, (表时光、所在、原因,作状语)

  (1)先行词表人时可用who,that或whom

  分点练习:① He is a boy(______ is confident。)

  主语

  ② (介词提前)

  ③ He is the teacher ______ you are waiting for。)

  宾语

  归纳总结:当先行词是人:①引导词在句中作主语,引导词用who,that

  ③引导词在从句中作宾语,引导词用whowhom

  小试牛刀:1。Is this the man with ______ you went to the zoo yesterday?

  A。 who B。 whom C。 which

  2。He is a man _______ we can learn)。

  A。 whom B。 from which C。 from whom

  learn from

  【2013广东湛江】25。 DLook! That is the woman I met yesterday。

  DOh? She’s my aunt。

  A。 whatB。 who C。 where D。 when

  【2013广东】45。 The young lady ______ is interviewing Lin Zhixuan about the program I am a singer is from 21st Century Talent Net。

  A。 whoB。 whom C。 whichD。 whose

  (2)whose的使用

  名词

  A。 whichB。 whose C。 that

  引导词后面有名词(表所属)时,引导词用whose

  (3)先行词表物时,用that或which

  that与which的区别:

  that和which都可表物,一般可交流,但下列状况只用that

  1。 I’m sure she has something ______ you can borrow。

  A。 thatB。 which

  ⑴ 先行词为:that 2。 I’ve read ⑵ 先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等修饰时

  4。 This is the only book that belongs to him。

  ⑷先行词被the only, the very, the same, the best, the last等修饰时

  6。 There is a book on the desk belongs to Tom。 桌子上那本书是汤姆的

  ⑹在

  7 Who is the girl ______ spoke to you just now?

  Which is the car ______ was made in China?

  A。 thatB。 who C。 which

  [7]。当主句 that

  牢固练习: Who is the man ______ I saw yesterday。

  小试牛刀: I like the music _______ he writes。A。 B。 whoC。 why D when

  只用which的状况:

  1。This is the house in ______ he lives。A。 thatB。 whichC。 who

  1。先行词是物,且介词提前用which

  The school (______ my father works) looks very beautiful。

  (my father works in the school)

  A。 which B。 in thatC。 in which

  比力:Is this the man with ______ you went to the zoo yesterday?

  A。 who B。 whom C。 which

  先行词是人,且介词提前用_______。

  2。先行词(物)与引导词之间有逗号离隔(非限制性定语从句),用which

  He lives in a house, _______ has many trees around it。

  A。 thatB。 whichC。 who

  3。先行词为that, those时,用which

  【2011广州】The story ______ I read the newspaper was about a mon problem among teenagers。

  A。 whose B。 who C。 that D。 where

  【2011广东】44。 The first thing _____ my brother is going to do this afternoon is to write a letter。

  A。 whichB。 thatC。 why D。 who

  【2013安徽】49。 I still remember the college and the teachers_____________I visited in London years ago。

  A。 whatB。 who C。 that D。 which

  (4)关系副词when, where,why的用法:

  先行词是一个体现时光的词如:time, hour, day, month, year时,其所对应的关系词如在定语从句中作时光状语(不充当从句的主语或宾语),则用关系副词when。

  1。先行词,在句中作状语。

  2。 This is the factory ________ my father works。

  拓展:当point, situation,conditions等词作先行词表抽象的所在,其后常由where引导

  1。Can you think out a situation ________ this word can be used?

  2。 Her illness has developed to the point ________ nobody can cure her。

  3。 That is the reason (why) I did it。

  Do you know the reason(why)she has changed her mind?

  (5)在定语从句中作时光、所在和原因状语时,关系副词交流。

  The day when (=on which) she arrived was Thursday。 她到的那天是星期四。

  July and August are the months when (=in which) the weather is hot。 七八月是天气很热的月份 This is the hotel where =in which  at which) they were staying。 这就是他们其时住的旅店 Do you remember the place where (=at which) we had lunch? 你记得我们吃午饭的地方吗?

  The reason why (=for which) I came here was to be with my family。 我到那里来的原因是要跟我的家里人在一齐

  小试牛刀:This is the factory in ________ my father works。

  解析:那里填which,in which=where

  拓展:决定找引导词是关系代词或关系副词,找出定语从句的主谓宾,先使其变为简朴的肯定句看缺什么身分。

  This is the city (whichthat) you visited last year。

  (you visited the city last year)。先行词直接充当visited的宾语,缺的是宾语,所以用which或that

  如:This is the city where you stayed last year。

  先行词也是the city,将其放入定语从句中不能直接作身分,务必加上介词in,一齐做从句的所在状语,相当于in +which所以此处用where就务须要求;而系副词。)

  小试牛刀:

  1。 Is this museum ___ you visited a few days age?

  2。 Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held。

  A。 whereB。 thatC。 on whichD。 the one

  解析:例1变为肯定句: This museum is ___ you visited a few days ago。 所缺部门为主句的表语,从句的宾语,而where, on which都不能起到宾语的作用,而that只作从句宾语,还缺主句的表语, 只有the one既做了主句的表语,又可做从句的宾语,能够省略关系代词that,所以应选D。

  例2变为肯定句: This is the museum ___ the exhibition was held。 主、谓、宾俱全,从句部门为句子的状语表所在,既可用副词where,又因 in the museum词组,可用介词in + which 引导所在状语。而此题中,介词on 用的差池,所以选A。

  牢固练习:2 I'll never forget the days______I spent in the countryside。

  A。 whereB。 thatC。 on whichD。when

  we visited last week。

  定语从句中谓语的形式

  ① There are the twins who ______ in the next door。 A。 liveB。 lives C。 lived

  ② A。 tellB。 is telling C。 tells

  先行词

  总结:㈠从句谓语动词的单复数与_先行词_的单复数一致,(当引导词充当定语从句的主语时)

  牢固练习:

  1。Do you live near the building ______color is yellow?

  A。 that B。 which C。 whose D。 its

  2。In the dark street ,there wasn’t a single person _____she could turn for help。

  A 。thatB。 whoC。 from whom D。 to whom

  3。The silk _______ is made in Hangzhou sells well。

  A。 thatB。 who C。 what D。

  定语从句教案(五):

  一 什么是定语从句

  阅读下列句子,找出哪一句是定语从句

  1。 My doctor told me to live where the air is fresh 。

  2。 Tom was sleeping when the door bell rang 。

  3。 Do you remember the teacher who taught us English at middle school ?

  4。 Can you tell me when the Flight 5571 will depart ?

  在复合句中充当定语的从句叫定语从句。定语从句的作用相当于形容词,用来修饰主句中的某一个名词或代词或整个句子。被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,定语从句一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词之后。因此,通常定语从句被视为一个句子与一个名词的关系。在先行词和定语从句之间起连接作用的叫关系词。关系词有关系代词和关系副词两种。

  例如:

  He is the boy who often goes to school late。

  注意

  关系词在定语从句中的三大作用:

  1。 连接作用---连接先行词和定语从句。例如:

  I gave her all the money that I had 。我把我所有的钱都给了他。(that 连接先行词money 和定语从句I had )。

  2。 替代作用---在定语从句中替代从句所修饰的先行词。例如:

  The man who lives next door is a famous teacher。

  2。 身分作用---在定语从句中作主语、宾语、定语或状语。 例如:

  I like pictures which are painted in the traditional Chinese style。 我喜欢传统的中国画(which 在定语从句中作 主语)。

  二 关系代词和关系副词的用法

  阅读下方的句子,凭据从句的语法特点将其归类,瞻丫渥有蚝疟砀裉钊肟杖贝Α

  1。 She is the old woman that witnessed the accident this morning 。

  2。 Mary is the girl who works in Japan 。

  3。 Is this the key which you are looking for。?

  4。 October 1,1949 is the day when New China was founded。

  5。 The house which stands on the top of the hill was built last month 。

  6。 The student whom the teachers are talking about has won the first prize in the English contest。

  7。 He lied to the police officer, which made things even worse。

  8。 This magazine belongs to the teacher who teaches us history。

  9。 Tom is reading in the room where the others are watching TV 。

  10。 He failed in the exam ,which surprised us all。

  11。 I don’t know the reason why she looks unhappy today。

  12。 I’ll never forget the day when I joined the League 。

  13。 He’s got himself into a dangerous situation where he is likely to lose control over the plane 。

  关系代词和关系副词的用法

  定语从句类型 特点 句子序号

  由关系代词which that whowhom 引导 关系代词在从句中作主语

  关系代词在从句中作宾语

  关系代词which 指代前句所属之事

  由关系副词when wherewhy 引导 定语从句中不缺主语或宾语;when where why 充当从句的时光、所在、原因状语。

  Where 所指代的是一个抽象的所在,例如某一种状况、某一个领域。

  牢固练习

  完成句子

  1。 Alexander Bell was the man _______________________(发现电话的人)。

  2。 The present ____________________________________(她生日那天我送她的) is still unopened。

  3。 Carol said the work would be done by October。__________________________,(我对此十分怀疑)。

  4。 The film brought the hours to me __________________________________(其时我获得很好的照顾) in the faraway village 。

  5。 We are living in an age ______________________________(我们生活在一个许多事情需要用电脑来做的时代)。

  单项选取

  1。 Do you still remember the chicken farm _________________we visited three months ago 。

  A where B when C that D what

  2。 Women _______drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those _______don’t

  A who  B  who C who who D 

  3。 Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others ,_______, of course ,made the others envy him 。

  A who B that C what D which

  4。 If a shop has chairs _______women can park their men ,women will spend more time in shop 。

  A that B which C when D where

  5 I work in a business _________almost everyone is waiting for a great chance 。

  A how B which C where D that

  三 关系词使用的注意事项

  引导定语从句的关系词的选用比力庞大。除了牵涉到所指的先行词是人照旧物,所引导的定语从句是限制性的照旧非限制性的,以及关系词在从句中充当什么句子身特别,还要凭据习习用法而定。

  (一) 只能使用that ,who , whose 的定语从句。

  请阅读以下句子,凭据用法分类,将句子序号填入表格中适当的位置。

  1、Here is the boy who wants to see you 。

  2、All that glitters is not gold 。

  3、Who is the man that came this morning 。

  4、Which is the bag that you lost 。?

  5、He talked about the teachers and schools that he had visited 。

  6、Anyone who breaks the law shall be punished。

  7、His mother ,who loves him very much ,is strict with him。

  8、Is there anything that you don’t understand ?

  9、Mary is the girl whose parents work in Japan 。

  10、He is the very person that the police are looking for。

  11、Those who are against the plan put up your hands please。

  12、This is the longest bridge that I have ever seen 。

  13、I happened to be the thousandth guest that visited the great hotel 。

  14、This is the only thing that I can remember 。

  15、Tell us everything that you know ,please。

  16、Last week I bought a car ,whose price is reasonable 。

  定语从句教案(六):

  一.概述

  课题来源:初三英语

  所需课件:一课时

  学习资料:定语从句中关系代词who, whom ,which ,that ,as的用法。

  定语从句是一个很重要的语法项目,为以后的英语学习打下坚定的基础,也是初高考泛起频率较高的考点。

  二.教学目标分析

  知识与目标分析

  知识与技术目标:资助学生掌握关系代词who, whom, which, that, as 的用法,富厚学生的语法知识,组成独立的学习潜力,能够运用这些知识去解决定语从句的习题。

  历程与要领目标:让学生主动加入感知——积累——理解关系代词的历程,让学生学会关系代词的用法,学会探究解决问题。

  情感态度价值观目标:让学生体验到学习定语从句的乐趣。

  三.学习者特征分析

  初中生刚刚接触与从句,对句子结构认识不够清楚,但是这部门资料很重要,有助于学生完善整个英语语法知识结构。

  四.教学战略选取与设计

  本课题主要接纳启发式教学战略,相助学习,探究学习的战略,在教学中,创设问题情景,以小组为单元进行讨论,相助学习,得出结论。

  五.教学资源与工具设计

  多媒体教室 盘算机 PPT课件

  六、教学历程

  第一步:温习(检查作业)

  第二步:导入

  Marry is a beautiful girl。

  Marry is a girl who has long hair。

  ……(讨论句子特征 )

  老师总结:什么是定语从句,先行词,引出定语从句由关系代词,关系副词来引导。

  第三步:介绍引导定语从句的关系代词。

  第四步:详细介绍这些关系代词的用法。

  第五步:习题(加深印象)

  第六步:课后总结

  第七步:部署作业

  七、资助和总结

  教师以启发诱导的方式向学生带给资助和指导,针对纷歧样的学习中断的学生接纳纷歧样的资助和指导,之处纷歧样水平的要求,给予纷歧样的资助。对于学习潜力强的能够以体现的方式进行指示,对学习潜力差的学生能够透过逐步深入的方式进行讨论。

  在学习结束后,对学生的学习做出简朴的总结,能够部署一些练习题,以强化学习效果。

  八、教学评价设计

  建设量规,向学生展示他们将被如何评价(来自教师和小组其他成员的评价)。另外,能够建设一个自我评价表,这样学生能够用它对自我的学习进行评价。

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